National Academy Sciences of Azerbaijan , Azerbaijan
Dr.Hasanov Sadig Huseyn has completed his PHD at the age of 41 from the Institute of Radiation Problems of Azerbaijan and know as sciences researcher at the Instutute of Radiation Problems. Published materials is about 10 in reputed journals in Azerbaijan, Russian and others. He is director of NGO “Ecolife” which is conduct to awarness people and young generation about the environmental problems, especially in the area of land degredationby oil and oil products, desertification, air pollution by mobile sources in Azerbaijan, biodiversity and others. The NGO has implemented a lot of projects on this issue.
Impact of speed reduction measures for decrease emission by vehicles has been analyzed. We analyzed the relative change in pollutants emitted after the implementation of a speed reduction measure for passenger cars on the central streets (from 50 to 30 kph) in Sumgait and Baku. In this practical work were registered and analyzed emission reduction using the automatic devices are fitted on vehicles. For emissions the macroscopic and microscopic approach indicate a significant decrease of emissions. These results illustrate the scientific certainties while considering the implementation of speed management policies which will effectively reduce emissions at crowded roads.
The results of this work show that the restrictive speed transport in urban areas will affect the significant decrease in NOx and CO2 emissions. . Taking into account the results of studies on the central streets of Sulh (Sumgait) and B. Sharifzadeh (Baku, Yasamal district), we recommend to carry out reduction of vehicle speeds on these streets for reduce emissions while in order to ensure the safety of people, reduce the impact of emissions on the environment. The results can be same in other streets of Baku and Sumgait, where a similar situation.