University of Yaounde , Cameroon
Title: Impact of Climate variability and change impact on maize and groundnut in Cameroon
Joel Sotamenou is assistant Professor and researcher at the Faculty of Economics and Management of the University of Yaounde II, Cameroon. He holds a PhD in Economics from University of Yaounde II, Soa Cameroon in co-direction with the French Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD). His research interests include economy of production and the natural resources, solid waste management, corporate responsibility, farming urban systems, climate change and agriculture, Energy and environment.
Climate variability and change affects many sectors of the entire economy as well as agriculture. As in many countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is the main sector of the economy. In Cameroon over 35% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is made up of agricultural activities. Cameroon is facing climatic stress on agriculture as many other African countries. This situation may lead to the modification of the crop calendar and in the long run may affect foodstuff (maize and groundnut) production. In this context this paper aims to evaluate the impact of temperature and rainfall on crops (maize and groundnut) cultivated in Cameroon. From an agronomic estimation applied to the time series, it is clear from our study that foodstuff production; maize and groundnut, is dependent on the fluctuating climatic factors. Thus, the production of maize and groundnut is negatively influenced by high levels of rainfall and temperatures.